Beta thalassemia goes by the name of Cooley’s anemia and it could be termed as a rare form of genetic blood disorder. In fact, there are varied types of thalassemia and one of the subtypes goes by the name of anemia. This is a complicated type of anemia as the expression and inheritance tends to be a lot different. This would lead to an abnormal destruction in Red blood cells.
In this type of thalassemia, beta globin is being affected. It does lead to a decrease in the production of this protein in the bloodstream. It has a direct correlation to a decrease in the levels of hemoglobin in the bloodstream as well. When there is a lack of hemoglobin that is also known as anemia, there is a decrease in the ability of red blood cells in order to transport oxygen from the lungs to the various parts of the body. As already aware thalassemia treatment in India happens to be of the highest order as well.
The origin of this disorder could be traced to the Mediterranean regions. In fact this word derives its origin from the Greek word blood and sea. Based on the severity of the condition this disorder could be classified as minor, intermediate or major. As far as the inheritance is concerned it is dependent upon the Inheritance of the genes from a single parent or it could be both the parents as well. In case of individuals who go on to receive one defective gene from their parent, it could be a case of thalassemia minor.
Once again the fact that comes to our notice is that thalassemia tends to be devoid of symptoms in the first place. Through the process of mutational analysis, the levels of abnormal hemoglobin proteins are found out. This does help to diagnose and detect the disease in an easy manner. It has also been pointed out that there is bound to be mood disorders along with an increase in the level of infections if you are affected with thalassemia minor.
As far as beta thalassemia is concerned, when it is in the severe form you tend to acquire it normally from the gene of your parents. In most cases an individual does go on to develop the severe form of anemia that does require a lot of medical care along with treatment. It tends to be normal at birth, with the passage of time severe symptoms could go on to develop and the net result could be liver abnormalities or heart problems at a very young age.
Patients who are prone to severe symptoms are being provided with blood transfusions. Coupled with the fact other procedures in the form of chelation therapy are performed so that the increase in iron is removed and this is in addition to blood transfusions. In order to counter this specific type of anemia bone marrow transplantations would be performed in children as well.